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17 Artists Suggested Their Own Ideas For The Notre Dame Cathedral Reconstruction

Back on April 15, Paris suffered a disaster that touched the hearts of many Parisians and other people worldwide – the Notre-Dame Cathedral fire, a 15-hour-long inferno that destroyed a big part of the cathedral’s roof along with its iconic spire. However, most of the building survived the fire and people from all over the world have donated money to help rebuild it. And while many believe that the cathedral should be rebuilt to its original state, some artists are offering their own unique ideas for the reconstruction.

A few days after the fire, France decided to host a design competition for the cathedral’s spire replacement. Edouard Philippe, the prime minister of France, said that they were looking for a fresh look “adapted to the techniques and the challenges of our era”. Many artists responded to this competition and you can see some of the most interesting projects in the gallery below!



Image source:


Image source: Vincent Callebaut Architectures

In his project called ‘Palingenesis’, architect Vincent Callebaut tried to combine science, art, and spirituality into one beautiful glass creation. The architect imagined a garden under the glass exterior that would serve as both aesthetic and nourishing purposes. “Transparency, sharing and openness to our society’s development: such are the ideas conveyed by this new, diaphanous forest of Notre-Dame, outlining the new face of the Church in the 21st century. A dynamic, agile and contemporary Church,” says the architect.


Image source: studio NAB

Studio NAB propose a greenhouse on top of the cathedral and even beehives inside the spire.


Image source: studiotjoa

“Our Proposal for the new roof and spire at Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris: A Phoenix rises from the ashes. The spire, clad in sand cast copper panels, emerges from the blackened stainless steel roof supported by flame charred glulam trusses in remembrance of what was and what can become.”


Image source: summumarchi

“A proposal by summumarchi gives access to Notre Dame’s attic to make it a commemorative park, with purple colors in memory of the fire, while taking advantage of this enormous generosity of donations to make it a sanctuary for animals and insects even more threatened in cities. May this reconstruction serve the environment, and demonstrate to the rest of the world the knowledge of our French companions of how to deal with magnificent, technical, timeless architecture at the highest level possible. A symbol for future generations.”


Image source: honored_art

“Upward motion, an idea of mine for Notre Dame’s spire”


Image source: Norman Foster

Architect Norman Foster says his spire design resembles a “super-slender needle touching heaven’s clouds” and supposedly would give the structure more light.


Image source: alex_nerovnya


Image source: godart_roussel_architectes

“This subject is very sensitive for reasons that are easily understood. The wood that the construction was made out of as well as its assemblages and age make it a remarkable and honorable creation. It is hard to imagine that there would be another option than rebuilding the identical roof structure and the roof by using all the documents we have. Just like the castle of Guédelon, that is being rebuilt using the knowledge of our ancestors, Notre-Dame de Paris could also become a huge open-air educational project. In a few decades, this tragic episode would fade and as a result we would have a brand new roof of the Cathedral. But if we think about it, would we really be satisfied with this result? What other pleasure would we find besides that of comforting us in the certainty that everything is eternal?”


Image source: fuksas_architects



Image source: alexandre_fantozzi

“Our proposal for the restoration of the Notre Dame Cathedral is to use one element that it has the best, the stained glass.

Make all the cover in stained glass, including the tower, with transparency to the inner side, through the opening of the vaults, leaving only the structures flying buttresses.

In Gothic there is the connection of the earth to the sky, and inside the Cathedral, the natural illumination multiplies in colors through the filter of the cover in stained glass.

At night the inner illumination turns into a grandiose retro backlit coverage.”


Image source: mathieulehanneur

“Some say that we should rebuild the spire as it was originally. Others say that we should design a new one. So, let’s build a new one as it was… 8 days ago”


Image source: poa.estudio

“NOUVELLE DAME – Proposal for a new cover of Notre Dame, París”


Image source: deroodavid

“Today the French architecture board website reads, ’Heritage, ancient or contemporary, is a revealing and structuring element of our culture, and we must inculcate ourselves to keep alive these markers but also built today the markers of our time’.Ultimately, I trust in France’s cultural core and its decision makers to have the audacity to move forward while retaining The Lady’s timeless image. I can only hope the project will be humble but innovative, delicate, beautiful and engaged,created by highly skilled people around a common table.”



Image source: alexandre_fantozzi

“A single element used, stained glass. No new architectural features, no intervention elements (redesign), no ego, no artistic aspirations.

The material specified for this, stained glass, is made of a high-tech glass produced by a renowned and traditional French factory. The glasses have sun protection, without changing the desired aesthetic.

The windows offer greater thermal comfort inside the Cathedral, greater natural light, reduces external noise.”


Image source: vizumatelier

“It’s a tragedy. Nothing would ever return over 850 years of beauty, but it’s time to [rebirth] Notre-Dame. In Gothic times builders [tried] to reach the sky, Le Duc [tried] it also in 19th century and have come closer. Now it’s possible to make it happen. Lightweight crown that connects heaven with earth.”


Image source: kissthearchitect

Continue reading 17 Artists Suggested Their Own Ideas For The Notre Dame Cathedral Reconstruction


Is Contemporary Industrial Architecture Taking Over In Housing?

What Is Industrial Housing?

For those of you who are not quite sure what it means when someone uses the term “industrial architecture,” the term refers to a style of architecture that features, minimal surface decoration, industrial materials, clean lines, flat roofs, jutting edges, and polished surfaces. The style has increased in popularity over the last several decades. Today, the minimal style is embraced by those who choose to live life in busy industrial centers and away from suburban communities. For many, the style’s tendency to use greener materials and modern designs are its many attractors. Because of these reasons and many more, Industrial Architecture is “in” and in a big way.

Industrial Design Is Good For Communities

With the decline in manufacturing, cities and urban areas are ripe with opportunities for new development. Using existing industrial infrastructures, many imaginative architects have been able to transform and preserve the existing industrials spaces. Once an area’s industrial buildings and spaces of old have been transformed into new housing, businesses, and other rich spaces, the community is given a new life. What was once a blighted area with abandoned manufacturing spaces can now be turned into sites that benefit and regenerate the community. This urban revitalization is becoming more and more common in cities everywhere.

Industrials spaces can easily be converted into cost-effective residential housing. Leaving exposed I-beams, ventilation, pipes, bricks, and concrete is less costly than covering the features with drywall. The utilitarian and minimal look is attractive in its own way and is especially popular with a younger generation.

Features And Innovation In Industrial Design

Open Spaces – Industrial architecture and design are increasing in popularity in private residential homes. Industrial spaces are sought after for their open interiors, high ceilings, and access to natural light. Skylights and large windows provide the interiors with abundant light as the high ceilings and open rooms further push the style’s expansive nature. Often, industrial interiors have fewer walls. The large, open rooms allow inhabitants to more flexibly, creatively, and effectively use the space.

Dividers – Large industrial spaces are able to be easily portioned into smaller areas with the use of dividers. The simple, cost-effective solution reduces the expense of a costly remodel and allows a large space to accommodate multiple functions. The use of dividers or movable walls allows the home to organically accommodate the growing and changing needs of the residents who live within its walls.

Garage Doors – Large industrial doors and garage doors can be easily integrated features within an industrial design. Large automatic doors open up the interior of a home and allow it to extend into an outer space. Indoor/ outdoor living areas are popular features of homes with industrial, minimal, and modern designs.

Green Housing – One industrial architectures most apparent benefits is its reduction in waste and easy conversion to green housing. Many of the industrial spaces used for the basis of these homes are located in urban centers and offer great walk-ability, public transportation, or bike access. Additionally, many of the building materials used in the development are recycled or up-cycled from the previous space, making this one of the greenest architectural styles.

Not Just For the City Any More

Industrial architecture is one of the most popular residential styles in the cities throughout the world. However, the style has become so popular that it is infiltrating other interior design as well as residential suburban architecture.

If you’re interested in living in space with a distinctive industrial style, but do not like city life, then you still may be able to find your perfect industrial style loft in a less urban space. Many buildings and homes in smaller towns and suburbs boast industrial style spaces. These spaces are often old factories and manufacturing plants. However, the historic charm can add to the beauty of the home’s interior. However, industrial style spaces in smaller cities, towns, and suburbs do need to take care that their space remains anchored in the character of the region where it is located.


Continue reading Is Contemporary Industrial Architecture Taking Over In Housing?

Apure Architectural Lighting’s MINUS LED Series Reaches New Design Heights

Light is an invaluable tool for designers, unrivaled in its ability to alter the mood of a room in an instant. It dictates our daily rituals—when we rise, work, and rest. A subtle glow not only adds warmth and dimension to a space, it makes that space functional. But lighting also poses a unique architectural challenge since most fixtures require complex installations, which can absorb ceiling height. Finally, designers have a long-awaited solution.

Apure Architectural Lighting, a company known for its innovative portfolio since opening its doors in 2013, is disrupting the market with its latest collection—the patented MINUS series. For the first time, an LED downlight exists with the capacity to recess in less than one inch (<25mm). It’s nearly imperceptible, giving way to seamless modern spaces awash in light.

The MINUS LED is available in two forms: the MINUS ONE, which has a round finish, the MINUS TWO, which has a square louver designed by PORSCHE DESIGN STUDIO, and the MINUS THREE, a semi-recessed square finish designed specifically for artwork walls. Designers will take comfort in knowing all MINUS LEDs include proprietary precision optics, ensuring light only is delivered where it’s needed in a space.

Apure Architectural Lighting’s LED MINUS Series is nearly invisible in a room. Photography courtesy of Apure Architectural Lighting. 


Apure Architectural Lighting developed the series to create more space, literally. Each recessed light is held in place with a unique installation bracket, and enables architects and designers to work with their ceiling height, which otherwise may have been comprised for other lighting fixtures’ housings. The MINUS and its installation method also help reduce hefty costs often associated with full-fledged lighting installations.

“The MINUS is a unique product in that it requires less than 1 inch of recess depth. This is particularly helpful in new construction applications, where clients generally have to drop ceilings to accommodate recessed lighting,” says Philipp Petzold, VP of Apure Architectural Lighting and son of CEO Uli Petzold. “With the MINUS series, a drop ceiling is required to be no more than 1 inch without compromising performance.” MINUS lights are extremely versatile and can be installed under AC ducts, in showers, marine settings, and in nearly any material including drywall, millwork, stone, and metal ceilings.

The MINUS Series can be installed right behind drywall without an additional housing. Photography courtesy of Apure Architectural Lighting.

LEDs in the series emulate the softness of natural light and reduce glare, partly due to the incorporation of proprietary lenses installed in each fixture, equipping designers with an ideal option for airy, contemporary projects. The reduction of glare is especially welcome in all lighting applications, residential and commercial, as it enables the ceiling to remain out of focus, emphasizing the interior elements and architecture.

The initial idea for the MINUS series partly stemmed from Apure Architectural Lighting’s in-house illumination planning studio, which works closely with clients and teams on each project. Apure Architectural Lighting’s hands-on, intuitive approach enables the company to better understand challenges today’s designers face. “After working on so many projects in which clients had to compromise further by dropping their ceilings to an unsuitable level (or forego recessed lighting all together), we realized the industry needed a new solution,” says Petzold.

The MINUS Series, which marks a breakthrough in lighting technology, emits a subtle, soft glow. Photography courtesy of Apure Architectural Lighting.

Apure Architectural Lighting began developing the MINUS Series in 2016, with the goal of creating a high-performing light fixture that could be recessed in almost any application. In 2019, it’s safe to say: mission accomplished.

The MINUS series is offered with a 2700K, 3000K, or 4000K CCT with a Color Rendering Index of (CRI) 90+. It is fully dimmable, and proprietary microchip technology boasts a lifetime of 50,000 hours (LM80). Lumen output from source is 1140 and 4 fixtures can be powered by a single power supply. The MINUS is ETL listed, CE listed, Insulation Contract (IC) rated, wet-location rated, airtight, and IP66 rated by request.

Continue reading Apure Architectural Lighting’s MINUS LED Series Reaches New Design Heights

Four Chic Kitchen & Bath Designs

We open the door to some of the chicest residential kitchen & bath settings.

Enter the Best of Year Awards by September 20
New York residence by O’Neill Rose Architects. Photography by Michael Moran/Otto.

Firm: O’Neill Rose Architects

Location: New York

Standout: Isamu Noguchi-inspired skylights usher natural light into the brownstone’s heart, where generous panels of Italian marble, its veining coordinated via AutoCAD, preside over the kitchen and its stained white-oak floor planks.

Sydney residence by Richards Stanisich. Photography by Felix Forest/Living Inside.

Firm: Richards Stanisich

Location: Sydney, Australia

Standout: The colors of Rick Amor’s artwork hanging above the built-in banquette and custom table informed firm director Jonathan Richards’s palette for his own kitchen, with painted plaster walls, oak-veneered cabinetry, and a quartzite backsplash.

Shanghai residence by Towodesign. Photography courtesy of Towodesign.

Firm: Towodesign

Location: Shanghai

Standout: In the 520-square-foot apartment, flooring of glossy self-leveling concrete gives the sense of more space, while ample built-ins or “function boxes” in lacquered HDF or cherry veneer actually provide it.

London Residence by Alexander Purcell Rodrigues Design. Photography by Andrew Beasley.

Firm: Alexander Purcell Rodrigues Design

Location: London

Standout: Dramatic stonework distinguishes the town house, from veined tawny, black, and white Italian and Spanish marble in bathrooms to the kitchen’s Angola granite on the 13-foot-long island and around the ceiling boxes housing ventilation and lighting.

Keep scrolling to view more images of the projects >

New York residence by O’Neill Rose Architects. Photography by Michael Moran/Otto.
New York residence by O’Neill Rose Architects. Photography by Michael Moran/Otto.
New York residence by O’Neill Rose Architects. Photography by Michael Moran/Otto.
New York residence by O’Neill Rose Architects. Photography by Michael Moran/Otto.
Sydney residence by Richards Stanisich. Photography by Felix Forest/Living Inside.
Sydney residence by Richards Stanisich. Photography by Felix Forest/Living Inside.
Sydney residence by Richards Stanisich. Photography by Felix Forest/Living Inside.
Shanghai residence by Towodesign. Photography courtesy of Towodesign.
Shanghai residence by Towodesign. Photography courtesy of Towodesign.
London Residence by Alexander Purcell Rodrigues Design. Photography by Andrew Beasley.
London Residence by Alexander Purcell Rodrigues Design. Photography by Andrew Beasley.
London Residence by Alexander Purcell Rodrigues Design. Photography by Andrew Beasley.
London Residence by Alexander Purcell Rodrigues Design. Photography by Andrew Beasley.

> See more from the July 2019 issue of Interior Design

Continue reading Four Chic Kitchen & Bath Designs

Design For Daylighting

Brighten the outlook of building occupants and reduce lighting costs by bringing natural light inside.

By Jody Andres, AIA, LEED AP
From the April 2019 Issue

In today’s climate of sustainable design, it’s rare that a newly constructed facility or one being renovated does not include some level of eco-friendly features. Overlooked in the past, daylighting is one of those features and is no longer an afterthought. It could be argued that how to best use natural light should be a primary consideration in the design of any new facility. But why is it so important?


Today’s schools typically include a significant number of windows on exterior walls, contributing to an environment where students and teachers can excel. (Photo: Hoffman Planning, Design & Construction)

The Physiological Perspective. The bottom line—daylight is good for us. Research has demonstrated the positive effects of exposure to natural light. Daylight has been shown to combat the effects of depression. It can help improve a person’s mood and maintain a calmer disposition. In addition, exposure to daylight is one of the primary ways we can get and maintain healthy vitamin D levels in our bodies.

When we incorporate windows and natural light into facilities, we’re helping fulfill a basic desire for a connection to light and nature. The biophilia hypothesis—introduced by Edward O. Wilson in his book, Biophilia—proposes that humans have a desire to seek out connections with nature and other forms of life. Biophilic design and planning increases access to nature, light, and biodiversity to reduce stress, promote healing, foster creativity, and improve cognitive function.

The Productivity Perspective. In the workplace, daylighting is a critical design element for employers and their facility planners to consider. Not only does daylighting and controlling artificial lights in the workplace save money, but it’s been proven to help create a more comfortable work environment and make employees more productive.

“Daylight and Productivity—A Field Study,” a study conducted by Mariana G. Figuerio, Mark S. Rea, and Anne C. Rea of the Lighting Research Center at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and Richard G. Stevens from the University of Connecticut Health Center, Department of Community Medicine, explored the occupancy rates, amount of time subjects spent on work-related tasks, and electric lighting operation in daylit and interior offices. They found that people located in windowed offices spent considerably more time (15%) on work-related tasks compared to employees in interior offices. These results matched their hypothesis that people who work in interior spaces would spend less time in their offices and be less productive than people working in windowed spaces.

When it comes to educational facilities, consider the results of the Heschong Mahone Daylighting Study (conducted by Heschong Mahone Group), which involved more than 21,000 students. Study results presented a significant correlation between learning spaces with natural light and student performance, finding that both reading and math scores improved for students in spaces with abundant daylight. Additionally, there was a 20% faster progression in math and a 26% faster progression in reading.

Meanwhile, school administrators are continually seeking the means to retain the best faculty and staff. Abundant daylight in well-designed work environment is sure to be looked at favorably by current and potential employees.

The Economic Perspective. While there are a bevy of health and production-related reasons to incorporate daylighting, we shouldn’t lose sight of the financial benefits. More natural light means a decreased need for artificial light. This trade-off reduces a building’s power consumption. Additionally, latent (passive solar) heat in the winter decreases the demand on heating systems.


Whether in a school, office, or senior care facility, natural light can benefit building occupants by providing a healthier, more interesting, and dynamic environment in which to learn, work, or live. So, what are some of the best strategies to utilize when incorporating daylighting?

The use of daylighting is key to providing employees with a comfortable, desirable work environment that helps increase their productivity. (Photo: Hoffman Planning, Design & Construction)

In the case of new construction, orientation of the building is critical. Siting the building on an east-west axis, with south- and north-facing windows is a key design strategy. And with technological advances, windows can be altered to control how much daylight will enter the space. When planning areas that will contain display equipment, such as high-definition televisions and whiteboards, the design team should take special care with window placement to control lighting levels and to prevent glare or blinding conditions in the space.

Daylighting and control options that are becoming standard design elements include sun control and shading devices, light shelves, clerestory windows, tubular daylight devices, and translucent skylight systems. In the case of a renovation, the use of natural light can be further enhanced by using window films to contain glare. While timers and motion sensors designed to reduce light levels are not new, the next wave of sensors actually measures daylight levels in a room (or portion of a room) and adjusts accordingly.

Although at first mention it seems counterintuitive, artificial lighting can contribute to a good daylighting strategy. A popular design element is the installation of direct-indirect lighting fixtures. With these, more than half of the light generated can be directed upward, reflecting off of the ceiling and other surfaces. This results in reduced glare, a more uniform ambient light level with fewer “hot” spots, the need for fewer artificial lights, and decreased energy use and costs.


Energy modeling and computer generated building models can be extremely helpful evaluation tools when determining daylighting strategies. Using these, facility owners and maintenance staff will not only be able to observe how natural light and views will exist in their building, but they’ll get an understanding of how much energy—namely in lighting and cooling—can be saved. Whether new construction or renovation, modeling should be incorporated to inform the design effort and guide decision-making. As early as possible, the project team should evaluate the most appropriate ways to bring daylight and views into a facility and how these will be integrated with artificial lighting and controls. As more design and product options are entered into modeling software, facility planners are able to make informed design decisions.

Another critical element to consider when pursuing daylighting is assessing lighting quality and levels compared to the visual tasks being performed. Not to be overlooked is controlling glare in environments awash in daylight. Building occupants will close blinds and shades if they decide too much daylight is obstructing their view. This not only removes views to the outside, but may also necessitate use of artificial lights.

When using natural light to help achieve lighting levels, the selection of window glass (based on the orientation of each window) is vital. While spaces that are over lit waste energy and money, occupant productivity may be negatively impacted by inadequate or poor quality lighting. As a guide for determining a good lighting level for most offices or educational spaces, daylight balanced with an average of 40 to 50 foot-candles of artificial light capability is ideal. (A common unit of measurement in the lighting industry, foot-candle is roughly defined as the amount of light that actually falls on a specific surface.)

The benefits of daylighting are numerous and should be enjoyed. When planning your next project, discuss potential strategies with your design team to create an environment where occupants can thrive.

daylightingAndres is a senior project architect and the K-12 market leader at Hoffman Planning, Design & Construction, Inc. in Appleton, WI. He is a LEED AP, past President of the American Institute of Architects (AIA) Wisconsin, and the regional representative to the AIA Strategic Council.

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Continue reading Design For Daylighting


posted on 04/26/2018Lisa Bell-Reim, AIA

Between work deadlines and juggling personal responsibilities, it can be tough for employees to maintain stability in their life. Finding a healthy work-life balance can help improve one’s overall well-being, ultimately making employees more productive and happier in their work environment. Companies that invest in employee support and satisfaction tend to succeed in generating happier workers. A 2015 study by economists at the University of Warwick found that happiness led to a 12 percent spike in productivity, while unhappy workers proved 10 percent less productive.


The Most Popular Interior Design Styles in Each State

When you think of what’s hot in interior design right now, do your dad’s wingback chairs and grandma’s ornate chandeliers come to mind? Well, maybe they should. A new study by Joybird, a custom furniture company, revealed that Victorian is the interior design style that wins the popularity vote in more U.S. states than any other decor style.

But hold off on a full “Age of Innocence” home makeover. Crown molding and floral wallpaper might reign supreme in 10 states, but that doesn’t mean stuffy Victorian style is on the rise across the country. In fact, trendsetting states such as California and New York actually preferred transitional and contemporary styles, respectively.

“Traditionally, home styles begin on either coast and work toward the center of the country,” says John B. Chadwick Jr., an interior designer in New York City.

The study compared the most-searched interior design terms in each state, based on Google Trends data over the past 12 months.

The states where Victorian style is No. 1 are Nevada, Nebraska, Missouri, Indiana, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Maine, Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Delaware.

Bohemian, the No. 2 style, was the top search term in nine states: Alaska, Montana, North Dakota, Alabama, Georgia, North Carolina, West Virginia, New Hampshire, and New Jersey.

Take a look at the rest of the most searched styles in the chart below.

Victorian style reigned supreme in the greatest number of states, followed by bohemian and contemporary.
Victorian style reigned supreme in the greatest number of states, followed by bohemian and contemporary.Joybird

Contemporary and transitional styles dominate on the coasts

Anyone who wants to stay on the pulse of the next big thing in design has long known to look to New York and California, and the study confirms it.

“The design and fashion industries and other businesses on the East and West coasts help drive the trends,” says Bonnie J. Steves, an interior designer in New York City.

Of particular interest to many design mavens is contemporary style, which has taken root in New York. The style encompasses a range of different trends developed in the latter half of the 20th century, featuring rounded lines and a mix of bold and neutral shades.

“Contemporary style in particular will permeate in coming years,” says Steves. “We live in such a connected, digital society that someone can see something that’s trending in New York and immediately have access to it in Kansas City.”

Contemporary was also the top searched style in Texas. Houston-based architect and interior designer Lauren Rottet says she has been seeing a lot more homes spotlighting the style being built in the Houston and Dallas areas.

“All the 30-somethings I know are very contemporary or Mid-Century Modern,” she says. “I think the home [reality] shows may be influencing this.”
Photo by New Generation Home Improvements – Contemporary kitchens like this one are trending in states such as Texas, New York, and Virginia. 

The transitional style favored in California is a more accessible look that melds two different aesthetics: modern and traditional.

“Transitional has some key elements of classic, timeless design but offers modern convenience with simple lines and profiles,” says Eric Tsai, director of marketing for Joybird. “People in California seem to like the mix and match of old and new more than staying within a defined style.”

“California culture is one of constant transitions,” says interior designer Linda Kitson of Summit, NJ. She favors such features as whitewashed oak beams, natural light, and bronze-framed windows.

Photo by R.P. Morrison Builders, Inc. – This transitional living room in Portland, ME, perfectly balances a number of styles into one crowd-pleasing space.

Is coastal on the way out?

South Carolina was the only state where coastal was the most searched style, which could indicate that people in general are cooling to the trend.

“It is surprising to me that coastal was only popular in one state,” says Steves. “I thought it would have been big in Maine, Rhode Island, Florida, and Massachusetts around Cape Cod.”

How does your home’s style stack up against the most popular style in your state? Check out the list below.

Alabama: Bohemian
Alaska: Bohemian
Arizona: Traditional
Arkansas: Shabby chic
California: Transitional
Colorado: Industrial
Connecticut: Victorian
Delaware: Victorian
Florida: Contemporary
Georgia: Bohemian
Hawaii: Traditional
Idaho: Shabby chic
Illinois: Contemporary
Indiana: Victorian
Iowa: Industrial
Kansas: Contemporary
Kentucky: Traditional
Louisiana: Shabby chic
Maine: Victorian
Maryland: Contemporary
Massachusetts: Transitional
Michigan: Industrial
Minnesota: Mid-Century Modern
Mississippi: Shabby chic
Missouri: Victorian
Montana: Bohemian
Nebraska: Victorian
Nevada: Victorian
New Hampshire: Bohemian
New Jersey: Bohemian
New Mexico: Art Deco
New York: Contemporary
North Carolina: Contemporary
North Dakota: Bohemian
Ohio: Industrial
Oklahoma: Vintage
Oregon: Industrial
Pennsylvania: Vintage
Rhode Island: Vintage
South Carolina: Coastal
South Dakota: Western
Tennessee: Shabby chic
Texas: Contemporary
Utah: Modern farmhouse
Vermont: Vintage
Virginia: Contemporary
Washington: Mid-Century Modern
West Virginia: Bohemian
Wisconsin: Industrial
Wyoming: Western

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