Tag Archives: Materials

Old Cement Factory Turned Into Home May Look Great From Outside, But The Interior Is Even Better

Architect Ricardo Bofill found this cement factory in 1973 and quickly realized its possibilities. It took him nearly 45 years to transform it into his home, but the end result looks breathtaking both from the outside and from the inside.

Shortly after purchasing the complex, Ricardo’s team began working on it. “Keeping our eyes moving like a kaleidoscope,” Ricardo says “We already imagined future spaces and found out that the different visual and aesthetics trends that had developed since World War I coexisted here:
1) Surrealism in paradoxical stairs that lead to nowhere; the absurdity of certain elements hanging over voids; huge but useless spaces of weird proportions, but magical because of their tension and disproportion;
2) Abstraction in the pure volumes, which revealed themselves at times broken and raw;
3)Brutalism in the abrupt treatment and sculptural qualities of the materials.”

La fábrica proves that form and function have to be dissociated; in this case, the function did not create the form. Instead, it has been shown that any space can be allocated whatever use the architect chooses (if he’s skillful enough)! Bofill currently lives and works here: “Life goes on here in a continuous sequence, with very little difference between work and leisure.”

More info: ricardobofill.com (h/t)

In 1973, Spanish architect Ricardo Bofill purchased a WWI-era cement factory near Barcelona

He immediately began renovating it into his home

After years of partial deconstruction, his team started to furnish the interior as a modern living space

The exterior was fitted with vegetation, and now overflows with lush greenery

The structure has been completely transformed into a breathtaking and unique home

“The Cement Factory is a place of work par excellence” Bofill says

Every room is designed with its own special purpose, and no two look quite alike

“I have the impression of living <…> in a closed universe which protects me from the outside and everyday life”

“Life goes on here in a continuous sequence, with very little difference between work and leisure”

A variety of indoor and outdoor relaxation spots can be found throughout the entire property

Workspace is also a crucial component here because Bofill’s team uses part of La fábrica as a studio

The exterior is mostly covered by grass, but eucalyptus, palm, and olive trees also grow there

This gives the building a “mysterious aspect of romantic ruin that makes it unique and unrepeatable”

“The kitchen-dining room located in the ground floor is the meeting point for the family”

Despite its stunning transformation, the factory is a work in progress to this day

The project is constantly evolving, fitting Bufill’s lifestyle and creative visions

La fábrica will always have some work to be done, and that is part of its symbolic charm

With enough creative thinking, any building can become something new and beautiful

Rokas Laurinavičius

I want to tell you a story.

For More Information About This Blog Post, Click Here! 

Got wisdom to pour?

2020 Design Trends: Color, Materials + Finish

08/30/2018 Carolyn Ames Noble

The year 2020 all at once seems so futuristic and yet just around the corner. As we approach the next decade in design, we look to both the future and the past to conceive new products and methods. 

To disseminate color, material, and finishes for 2019 and 2020, three key themes were defined: the engineered environment, organic emotion and colorful collaboration. From these three leading macro themes, several indicators of a staying trend emerged. As part of this quest, design leaders throughout the interiors product category space weighed in on the direction.

Throughout the three trend stories, the pursuit to preserve nature is omnipresent.

Engineered Environment

In the first trend, engineered environment, nature itself is seemingly created or enhanced from the technological lab and placed back into earth. Science becomes symbiotic with design. Sustainability is a straightforward baseline to any good design solution. Designers incorporate science and new methodologies to create solutions that are long-lasting and perseverant.

In that vein, we have seen much material attention paid to recycled plastics and new composites. Ecobirdy created a children’s furniture line of 100-percent recycled plastics from used and discarded toys. Further, it has even penned a children’s storybook based on its practice as an early introduction to the circular economy. Terrazzo will continue to be an important material of color and pattern forward experimentation. We will also see a rise of new and interesting resins made, such as Laurent Peacock’s Piper, which features peppercorns or Himalayan salt.

NeoCon 2019 Preview: Okamura’s New Conference Seating Gets Back to Basics

Read More

Photography by Laurent Peacock

Wood is thoughtfully transformed. Yael Reboh was inspired by layered combinations and the exploration of merging existing materials to form a new one with its own set of characteristics and properties. Her Primavera armchair, a 2018 Lexus Design Award finalist, is exemplary. Says Reboh: “I was fascinated by the aesthetic that the layered combination created, the versatile expressions achieved from each material, like soft versus hard, cracking versus incomplete, flexible versus stable.” ​ Genisher

The color story imitates and engineers nature. Finishes are tactile and speculative, from highly lustrous to innate, unvarnished surfaces. Blue is bright and saturated, together with a true yellow set against taupe, forest green and deep teal, highlighted by pure white and soft petal pink.

Photography by Nimrod

Organic Emotion

In our second trend story of organic emotion, nature is rooted and still and empathy is profound. Similar to the design community’s embrace of sustainability in the early 2000s, health and wellness finds a central place of meaningful planning. Smart or wearable technology is human-centered and beautifully designed. Water conversation is paramount. The immersion into nature is physiological.

Clean water filtration becomes both experiential and approachable in alluring vessels. Pratik Ghosh uses live plants and fauna to filtrate water in Drop-by-Drop.

Megan McClendon is the commercial design leader at Formica Corporation, and describes an intersection of humanity and technology. “Digital dominance is challenged by embracing sound, sight, touch and taste,” McClendon explains. “Immersive building environments focus on our primal needs by mimicking our circadian rhythms, improving the air we breathe and cocooning us in sensorial comfort. There is a dreamy quality, a softness and introspective feel that allows us to put aside busy thoughts and access our emotions.”

Biophilia in Design

Biophilia is the human’s intrinsic need for interaction with nature and we nurture ourselves.

Jayson Simeon, Global design leader, Moen and The House of Rohl, considers what he sees as “macro trends, wellness and biophilia, being influencers promoting revitalization through organic elements that are crafted, not molded.”

Photography by Stylus Inc.

“Bath spaces, in particular are transforming into microcosmic destinations in the home – a space of solace, reflection and rejuvenation as opposed to the hallmark catalyst of your daily routine,” Simeon says. “In the bath, we are seeing new materials like volcanic limestone and others that are naturally warmer to the touch than traditional enameled tub or sink surfaces, making the bath experience more relaxing right from the start, while using less hot water to heat and maintain bath temperatures.”

Benjamin Pardo, Knoll design director, describes how commercial office furnishings featuring natural soft touch materials, including veneer and cork, will continue to be popular for open plan and private office spaces.

Colors in this palette include distilled off-white, khaki and jute brown, and infused with sundrenched gold, grayed blue-violet and jade green. Metamerism, the apparent shift in color, will be embraced as an authentic design quality. Finishes appear cloudlike, layered and interesting, streaked with metallic threads against medium-toned wood grain.


Positive change is on the horizon in the third and final color forward collaboration. More than an age categorization, Generation Z is the new multicultural face of America. As they enter the consumer space, they bring a dynamic and inherently inclusive mindset, which largely influences the third trend story and its new collaborative spirit. The women’s movement celebrates 100 years of voting in the United States. The global viewpoint is also at play as the new middle class economies in China and India continue emergence.

Fatigued from the noise of the past several years, design seeks to construct cadence out of the chaos.  Art Deco-like colors and forms were on full display at the 2018 Salone de Milano. When Art Deco originated in 1925 Paris, it was reactionary to what was seen as elitist and overly ornate design. Art Deco’s clean lines were relatable, able to be mass-produced and accessible to all. There is a striking commonality to today’s reintroduction.

Geometry and synchronicity are on full display in this trend. At long last, commercial carpet design will break out of the square. Shaw Contract partnered with Form Us with Love and launched Inside Shapes at Neocon 2018. Explains Reesie Duncan, vice president of global design at Shaw Contract: “Working with Form Us with Love has been a rewarding, highly collaborative process. We began with a lengthy design-thinking exercise to look at the way flooring is installed, how different product surfaces come together and how designers express a spatial narrative with flooring. We were constantly asking, ‘How do we change this? How might we do things differently?’ It was a challenge we were all inspired to pursue together, and having a design partner who did not come from a flooring background was especially exciting as it brought new perspective to the table.” Duncan also mentioned an early mantra for the design development: “Unique shapes working together collaboratively.”

Upcoming Color Palettes

Of color, Emily Kantz, interior designer at Sherwin-Williams, projects the use of Inventive Orange SW 6633, Seawashed Glass SW 9034 and Bora Bora Shore SW 9045. “Inspired by the global community, these colors are bold, uninhibited, optimistic and carefree. The colors are ageless, have a good dose of humor and playfulness and are not overly complicated.” Kantz says of the colors, together with finishes “pairing great with the lighter blond wood tones and matte black. Look for these colors in statement walls, fabrics, furniture and interior accessories.”

Rounding out the color palette, we’ve added bold red, pastel rose and inky indigo. Color and finish work in harmony with pattern, which is graphic and orderly.

Photography by Shaw Contract and Form Us with Love

In 2019 and 2020, there is a shift. Designers have the platform to create meaningful change through a multi-pronged approach of sustainable, resilient and WELL project practices. We look forward to this near and optimistic future – seeing forecasted color, material and finish trends unfold and evolve.

Carolyn Ames Noble, ASID, CMG, is an interior design leader and color + materials enthusiast. She brings an expert assessment through extensive experience in interior design, color marketing and industry trend research.

Related Articles

Celebrating Legacy: Poltrona Frau and Ferrari

Acoustics and the Internet of Things

Silicone: Five Facts About the High-Performance Material


Join us at the 2019 Wellness
Within Your Walls® Healthy Home
Symposium at AmericasMart
in Atlanta before
: Presented by ASID
Learn to drastically reduce
toxins in the interior environment
and receive the most respected
health and wellness designation.
Wellness Within Your Walls
ounder, Jillian Pritchard Cooke,
demonstrate how applying
the Healthy Living System™ can
increase your profits and create
healthier living outcomes. The
WWYW holistic approach to the
built environment begins with the
selection of healthy, sustainable
and climate-specific building
materials, mechanical systems
and home furnishings.
Continuing with our
and behavioral strategies ensures
wellness resulting in
living environments and,
ultimately, healthier
4-Course Series focuses on
lowering chemical exposure in
the built environment. Through
three categories – Natural,
and Responsible –
WWYW’s education provides a
system for all to make healthie
thoughtful and responsible choices.
Our courses are eligible for Health
and Safety CE credits through IDCEC
and for SFC Greenleaders.
Upon completion of the courses
and test, students receive WWYW
Professional Certification, along
with the WWYW Designation.
Adopting best practices and
becoming WWYW-certified
communicates that you value
homeowners’ health and wellness.
Building 1, Floor 14, Seminar Room
240 Peachtree St., NW
Atlanta, GA 30303
Wednesday, July 17th
1-6 PM
1 Introduction to WWYW
2 The Natural Approach
3 Sustainablility + Innovation
4 Making Responsible Choices
4 Courses,
Certification +
For More Information About This Blog Post, Click Here!

Four keys to designing autistic-friendly spaces

Autism, in part, gave us modern architecture, writes PDR’s Julie Troung.


JANUARY 25, 2018 |

Four keys to designing autistic-friendly spaces

Photo: PDR Corp.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurobehavioral condition, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that one in every 68 births have autism in the U.S. Individuals with this condition may experience hypersensitivity of the senses, difficulty understanding what others are thinking and feeling, and cognitive delays. 

We have the potential to improve design quality for everyone by understanding how individuals with autism view the world. While autism in part gave us modern architecture, making ASD inclusivity a priority in design is a necessary step that could encourage innovation and potentially propel us into a new era of architecture.

You might wonder how autism could have given us modern architecture, well the answer lies in the use of eye tracking. As stated in a study in Common Edge, they have found that individuals with autism respond to visual stimuli completely different from neuro typical individuals. A neuro typical person focuses on the eyes, mouth, and nose of a face. 

Those with ASD ignore the central face and instead focus on outer features. Because a person with autism has brain connections in overdrive (hyperplasticity), they avoid details such as windows or eyes. 

This is why architects who have autism like Le Corbusier, who began his career in the 1930s, was attracted to simplicity. Therefore, some people credit Le Corbusier and consequently autism for the simplistic modern architecture movement.

There is a wide array of ways that we can design autism-friendly spaces. As stated in an article “Why Buildings for Autistic People Are Better for Everyone,” you can achieve prioritizing human health and welfare into our design routine by incorporating the following points:

1. Acoustics. Individuals on the autism spectrum are extremely, and at times, painfully sensitive to sounds. Providing better insulated spaces and allowing for manipulation of sound pressure levels would be beneficial. An example of acoustic manipulation would be adding pink sound.

2. Lighting. Light and color affect human’s mood, behavior and cognitive behavior. Just think, if you were to sit in a dark grey room for an hour compared to a light yellow room, would you feel a difference? Most autism friendly designs have small areas of bright color and light unsaturated earth tones.

3. Spatial configuration. Spaces that are orderly and defined are easier for the autistic mind to process. The use of sequential circulation, storage for non-essential items, sub-dividing rooms, and making spaces reconfigurable can help individuals with autism to better focus.

4. Materials. Furniture has the potential to influence the function, privacy and size of a space. For ASD, modular furniture and malleable spaces are preferable. Easily sanitized finishes are also important because some people on the autism spectrum can have a compulsive-like need for cleanliness.

Designing for ASD does not just benefit those who have autism. These design focuses can create timeless, enjoyable and multifunctional spaces for all.  If we approach design through an autistic lens, we do not prioritize standardization in lieu of accommodation. Acoustics, lighting, spatial configuration and materials are essential in quality design. By understanding all human experience through research, we can create better spaces and serve all who inhabit.

Continue reading Four keys to designing autistic-friendly spaces

%d bloggers like this: