Tag Archives: Europe

30 Before & After Photos That Show How Much Europe Has Changed Over Time

It doesn’t take a history nut to know that many European cities were ravaged and almost completely reduced to rubble during WWII. Luckily, not all was lost – some parts of them were either spared or rebuilt and we can still catch a glimpse of how they looked in their glory days. collects amazing photos of buildings and monuments during WWII and now that perfectly illustrate just how much Europe has changed throughout the years. Check out the amazing before and after photos in the gallery below!

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#1 Burning Peterhof

Image source: SergeyLarenkov

Burning Peterhof Palace after the Nazi invasion. 1941 September.
Before photo: Unknown author, after photo: Sergey Larenkov.

#2 Avenue Foch (Occupation Of Paris)

Image source: nwolpert

On June 14, 1940, troops of the German Wehrmacht occupy Paris. The picture shows the victory parade of the German 30th Infantry Division on the Avenue Foch in front of General Kurt von Briesen 1886-1941.
Before photo: Deutsches Bundesarchiv, after photo: Nicolai Wolpert.

#3 Cinema In Żnin During German Occupation

Image source: Filip

Catholic house transformed by the Germans into a cinema. 1941.
Before photo: Unknown author, after photo: Filip.

#4 Captured German Soldiers At Juno Beach

Image source: Lena

Captured German Soldiers at Juno Beach shortly before their deportation to England.
In the background, the villa “Denise et Roger” can be seen. It is one of the most famous places in the time of D-Day.
1994, June 6th.
Before photo: Ken Bell, after photo: Lena.

#5 Place De La Concorde (Liberation Of Paris)

Image source: nwolpert

A crowd celebrates the arrival of Allied troops during a victory parade for the liberation of Paris, as suddenly shots from a sniper on one of the roofs are heard. Quickly the Parisians scatter for cover. Although the city was officially abandoned by the Germans, small bands of snipers remained active, which made the victory celebrations risky.
1944, August 29.
Before photo: National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, after photo: Nicolai Wolpert.

#6 Cherbourg-Octeville

Image source: Hegemonus

The city center and US troops in June 1944. Several US vehicles are parked on the Quai de Caligny west of the rotary bridge.
Before photo: Unknown author, after photo: Hegemonus.

#7 Aachen Rathaus

Image source: nwolpert

Southside of the Aachen Town Hall at Katschhof at the end of World War II.
The town hall is one of the most important buildings in the historic center of Aachen. It was repeatedly rebuilt and expanded over many centuries. The oldest part of the monument is the Granusturm from the time of Charlemagne.
During World War II, the town hall suffered badly from several bombing raids. On 14 July 1943, the roof and both City Hall towers burned out, the steel skeletons of the tower domes bent by the heat dominated the appearance of the town hall for a few years.
Rebuilding followed in the 50s; last, the two-tower caps were finished in 1978.
Before photo: Stadtarchiv Aachen / Stadtbildstelle, after photo: Nicolai Wolpert.

#8 German Prisoners At The Station In Bernières

Image source: Lena

Captured German soldiers await their transport at the railway station in Bernières-Sur-Mer. Today, the old station building serves as the tourist office. 1944.
Before photo: Unknown author, after photo: Lena.

#9 Notre-Dame (Liberation Of Paris)

Image source: nwolpert

Priest 105mm self-propelled guns of the French 2nd Armoured Division in front of Notre Dame in Paris, 26 August 1944.
Photo of the Imperial War Museum (IWM).
Before photo: IWM (BU 127), after photo: Nicolai Wolpert.

#10 German Soldier In Alkmaar

Image source: archiefalkmaar

German soldier in Alkmaar at the Langestraat. 1941.
Before photo: Unknown author, after photo: Regionaal Archief Alkmaar.

#11 The Dam Busters

Image source: jamesvdm

In May 1943, the Allies dropped specially developed “bouncing bombs” on select dams in Germany’s industrial heartland. The Möhne dam was the hardest hit and 1600 civilians died in the flooding. The attack was dramatized by The Dam Busters (1955).
Before photo: Schalber, after photo: jamesvdm.

#12 Rue St. Placide

Image source: nwolpert

August 1944. Since 1940, Paris is occupied by German troops. As the Allied army approaches the capital, this encourages the Parisian population to resist. It comes to a general strike, followed by open revolts. Everywhere in the city (such as here in the rue St. Placide) barricades are erected, and around the 20th of August, the Resistance has taken control of the city. Although militarily inefficient, these barricades had a symbolic character for the Paris uprising.
Before photo: Jean-Jacques Lebel, after photo: Nicolai Wolpert.

#13 Villa Denise Et Roger At Juno Beach

Image source: Lena

The villa “Denise et Roger” is one of the most famous places of the time of D-Day. The region around Bernières-Sur-Mer was liberated by Canadian soldiers on June 6. 1944.
Before photo: Archives Nationales du Canada, after photo: Lena.

#14 Hoofdkwartier Wehrmacht

Image source: archiefalkmaar

German officers in the headquarters of the Wehrmacht in Huize Voorhout in Alkmaar. 1942.
Before photo: Unknown author, after photo: Regionaal Archief Alkmaar

#15 Locals Welcome The German Soldiers

Image source: Lena

In the background is the Assumption Cathedral. 1941.
Before and after photo: Lena.

#16 Palais Chaillot

Image source: nwolpert

Paris in September 1944, shortly after the recapture. To protect against potential German counterattacks, an anti-aircraft gun is provisionally installed by American soldiers in the park of the Palais de Chaillot.
Before photo: anonym, Agence Gamma Rapho, after photo: Nicolai Wolpert.

#17 San Lorenzo, Rome

Image source: StuartSW6

San Lorenzo, Rome after the allied bombing on 19 July 1943.
Before photo: LaRepubblica, after photo: GoogleMaps.

#18 Rentforter Straße

Destroyed tram and houses in the Rentforterstrasse in Gladbeck, end of the Second World War. The house with the gabled facade in the background is the main entrance of the St. Barbara hospital.
Today there are no more tramways in Gladbeck. 1945.
Before photo: Vestische Straßenbahnen GmbH, after photo: Nicolai Wolpert.

#19 Opéra Garnier (Occupation Of Paris)

Image source: nwolpert

The Opera Garnier decorated with swastikas for a festival of German music during the Occupation of Paris. The Germans organized a series of concerts in the occupied city, including by the Berlin Philharmonic, conducted by Herbert von Karajan. 1941.
Before photo: Deutsches Bundesarchiv, after photo: Nicolai Wolpert.

#20 Pont Neuf/Quai De Conti (Liberation Of Paris)

Image source: nwolpert

Barricade on the Pont Neuf at the intersection with the Quai de Conti, August 1944.
Since 1940, Paris had been occupied by German troops. As the Allied army approached the capital, this encouraged the Parisian population to resist. It came to a general strike, followed by open revolts. Everywhere in the city barricades were erected, and around the 20th of August, the Resistance took control of the city. Although militarily inefficient, these barricades had a symbolic character for the Paris uprising.
Before photo: Bibliothèque Nationale de France, after photo: Nicolai Wolpert.

#21 View From The Castle Of Caen On The Destroyed City

Image source: Lena

June 1944.
Before photo: A. Grimm (Bundesarchiv), after photo: Lena.

#22 Siege Of Leningrad

Image source: SergeyLarenkov

The school building destroyed by the Nazi bombing. 1941.
Before photo: Unknown author, after photo: Sergey Larenkov.

#23 The Battle Of Porta San Paolo, Rome

Image source: StuartSW6

On 10 September 1943, Porta San Paolo was the scene of the last attempt by the Italian army to avoid the German occupation of Rome
On the evening of the 9th, the 21st Infantry Division “Granatieri di Sardegna” moved towards the center, engaging in fierce fighting on the Via Laurentina (Tre Fontane locality), around the Exposition Hill (current EUR district) and Forte Ostiense. The German troops marched on the Via Ostiense, towards the heart of Rome.
Despite the overwhelming numerical superiority and armament of the enemy, the walls of Porta San Paolo became a defensive bulwark of resistance, protected by barricades and vehicle carcasses. The grenadiers also fought here with courage, along with the numerous civilians.
Before photo: ComunediRoma, after photo: StuartSW6.

#24 San Lorenzo, Rome After The Bombing

Image source: StuartSW6

San Lorenzo after the bombing in 1943, Princess Marie-José inspecting the damage.
Before photo: Instituto Luce, after photo: GoogleMaps.

#25 Wehrmacht Soldiers In Schagen

Image source: archiefalkmaar

Wehrmacht Soldiers In the city of Schagen in The Netherlands. 1940.
Before photo: Foto Niestadt, after photo: Regionaal Archief Alkmaar.

#26 Part Of Lodz City Center

Image source: stefbra

Aerial shot of Lodz made at the end of WW2 (1942) compared with Google Earth’s view from 2017.
Before photo: Unknown author, after photo: Google Earth.

#27 Old Bunker Alkmaar Flower Shop

Image source: archiefalkmaar

An old bunker is now used as a plant shop. Old Photo is taken in 1945, the new one in 2018.
Before photo: Unknown author, after photo: Regionaal Archief Alkmaar.

#28 Battle Of Rome, Porta San Paolo

Image source: StuartSW6

September 9th, 1943.
Before photo: LaRepubblica, after photo: StuartSW6.

#29 Horses Bring Food To Civilians Hidden In The Abbey

Image source: Lena

After parts of the city have been liberated by the Allies, horse carts bring food to those who took refuge in the Abbey of Saint-Étienne. 1944, July 10th.
Before photo: National Archives Canada, after photo: Lena.

#30 Alkmaar Mobilization Dutch Soldiers

Image source: archiefalkmaar

Mobilization Dutch soldiers before the “Ambachtsschool” in Alkmaar, The Netherlands. 1939.
Before photo: Unknown author, after photo: Regionaal Archief Alkmaar.

Continue reading 30 Before & After Photos That Show How Much Europe Has Changed Over Time


Designers Show How Much Interior Design Has Changed Over The Past 600 Years (12 Pics)

If you ever visited your grandparents’ or your great grandparents’ homes, you probably noticed how differently their rooms are decorated when compared to your own place. But have you though how the same rooms might have looked four, five or even six hundred years ago?

The designers at HomeAdvisor, a digital marketplace for home services, have created a unique project that shows how much the interior design trends changed over the past 600 years. From the wooden panels in Renaissance apartments to the funky and abstract furniture in postmodern style homes, check out the interior design trends throughout the years in the gallery below!

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Renaissance (1400 – 1600)

Image credits: HomeAdvisor

“Art and culture were reborn as the French Renaissance spread across Europe. Architects found a renewed enthusiasm for ornate decoration and fine detail, inspired by a new sense of humanism and freedom. Arabesque and Asian influences revitalized the decorative arts, and careful attention to symmetry and geometry brought a new sense of harmony to European interiors.

We designed the cabinet in our Renaissance living room image in the shape of a small palazzo (palace) which was common at the time. Its columns and balconies echo the shape of the building, evoking harmony. The Turkish rug is inspired by one seen in a painting by Hans Holbein the Younger, a German painter who lived in Renaissance-era London. Rugs like this were first woven in western Turkey in the 14th century and became very popular in Renaissance Europe.”

Baroque (1590 – 1725)

Image credits: HomeAdvisor

“Turkish rugs fell out of fashion during the Baroque period, as more opulent and elaborate architecture required fixtures and fittings to match. The Catholic Church was the first to develop this new sense of affluence as an attempt to impress the uneducated masses with their wealth and power. Hence the frames of the Louis XIV-style suite seem to be dripping with gold.

Beneath the gilded finish, the frame of the furniture was often made from tropical wood. Other exotic materials such as ivory were popular, and surfaces such as floors and table-tops were usually marble. Our color scheme here is dramatic and sensual. The play of light around a baroque living room would have been exaggerated to create a sense of movement and enormity.”

Rococo (1700)

Image credits: HomeAdvisor

“Towards the end of the Baroque period, a subset of the style briefly stole the limelight. Rococo style (from the French word rocaille, meaning shell ornamentation) was famous for just three decades during the reign of Louis XV. It is lighter, more whimsical, and freer than Baroque. For some, it better suited the intimacy of the family home than the grand church style that came before it.

The shell and floral motifs in our Rococo living room are typical of the style’s more playful influence on home décor. The cabriole legs and scroll feet of the furniture delicately balance high-spirits and elegance. Social gatherings in the home were becoming more common in the early 18th century. The Rococo style allowed homeowners to demonstrate their wealth and taste without appearing showy or stuffy.”

Neoclassical (1780 – 1880)

Image credits: HomeAdvisor

“The late Georgian era ushered in a new age of architecture that responded to the Baroque and Rococo periods. The rediscovery of Pompeii contributed to new understandings of Roman and Greek architecture. This inspired a movement towards more ‘tasteful,’ refined, and timeless design principles, free from the pomp and novelty of the Baroque trend.

Notice the straight lines and logical, almost mathematical layout of our Neoclassical living room. These design principles were spread throughout Europe by artists studying at the French Academy in Rome. Note the column-like shape of the fireplace, lamps, and paneling. Colors were mild and undramatic. A plain palate emphasized the stoic, superior sense of form that the Neoclassical embodied.”

Arts and Crafts (1860 – 1910)

Image credits: HomeAdvisor

“The Arts and Crafts movement began in England as a reaction against the mechanization of creativity and the economic injustices of the industrial age. It was not so much a style as an approach, putting the responsibility for design and craft back in the hands of skilled workers. However, Arts and Crafts interiors shared an aesthetic of simplicity, quality of material, and a connection to nature.

The ideas and look of the Arts and Crafts movement spread to American living rooms via the influence of touring architect-designers, journals, and society lectures. Gustav Stickley was America’s foremost Arts and Crafts designer. You can see his influence in the chunky, function-led woodwork of the furniture in the image, which makes a feature of exposed joinery. This emphasis on wood, brass, and the artisan’s touch gives Arts and Crafts interiors a dark, earthy, and textured palette.”

Art Nouveau (1890 – 1920)

Image credits: HomeAdvisor

“Art Nouveau was a ‘new art’ for a new century. Interior designers paired handcraft with new industrial techniques, which often made for an expensive process. Furniture and fittings were extravagant and modern, exhibiting the influence of Japanese art, which European artists were seeing for the first time near the end of the 19th century.

The vases and lamps in our Art Nouveau living room are inspired by Louis Comfort Tiffany, the celebrated artist and first Design Director at Tiffany’s. His glass-blown forms were a tribute to the natural world, and their lush, iridescent and swirling colors are typical of Art Nouveau.”

Art Deco (1920s to 1960s)

Image credits: HomeAdvisor

“If Bauhaus and Modernism were the utilization of 20th-century advances, Art Deco was a glamorous celebration. Interior designers were inspired by the geometry and motion of the machine age, materials, and symbols of ancient cultures, and rebirth in nature. And they weren’t afraid to use them all together.

Designers created a feeling of opulence by using a wide range of materials, including lacquered wood, stained glass, stainless steel, aluminum, jewels, and leather. Bold colors and striking contrasts conjured power and confidence.

Strong, straight lines echo through the fireplace and mirror trim to the skyscrapers in the woodcuts on the wall. Note also how these lines boldly counterpoint the shell-shaped sofa, flowing chairs, and spiky ornaments and houseplant.”

Modernism (1880 – 1940)

Image credits: HomeAdvisor

“Like the Arts and Crafts movement, Modernism is less of a style than a philosophy. “A house is a machine for living in,” said Swiss architect and designer Le Corbusier, the pioneer of Modernism. The Modernist living room utilized the latest materials and technologies. It was designed to be comfortable, functional, and affordable. Beauty was a bonus, although elegant design solutions were highly valued.

These ‘limits’ proved inspiring to the first generation of professional ‘interior designers.’ The table you see above is inspired by a famous design by Japanese-American designer Isamu Noguchi. It consists only of a plate of glass, two identical wooden supports, and a pivot rod to hold them together. The original Anglepoise lamp was invented by an engineer who was inspired by his work on vehicle suspension – demonstrating the close connection between Modernist interiors and the 20th-century industry.”

Bauhaus (1919 – 1934)

Image credits: HomeAdvisor

“The Bauhaus (rhymes with ‘cow-house’) was a hugely influential German school of art and architecture. It existed for just 14 years until the Nazi government closed it down in 1933. Bauhaus design was a radical subset of Modernism, with greater emphasis on the human spirit and the craftsperson. As with Modernism, form followed function. Bauhaus interiors were true to their materials, meaning that they didn’t hide the underlying structure of a furniture piece to make it pretty.

Our Bauhaus rug is inspired by the work of Anni Albers, a graduate and teacher of the Bauhaus school. Albers experimented with shape and color to produce textiles that were equally art and craft. The lamp is modeled after the MT8 or ‘Bauhaus Lamp.’ Its circular, cylindrical, and spherical parts create geometric unity and can be built with minimal time and materials. This type of opaque lampshade had only previously been seen in industrial settings.”

Mid-Century Modern (1930 – today)

Image credits: HomeAdvisor

“The Mid-Century Modern movement emerged as a softer, suburban take on Modernism, integrating natural elements. Interior designers introduced rustic elements and freer use of color inspired by Scandinavian and Brazilian furniture trends. Materials such as rattan, bamboo, and wicker felt both natural and modern when brought into the living room in the form of chairs, mirrors, and trim.

Statement lighting remains a simple way to add pizzazz to a well-used family living room. The lampshade and standing lamp in our picture both borrow formal elements from Modernism and Bauhaus but have the playful look of repurposed outdoor tools. The bright mustard of the armchair and vases exemplify the common Mid-Century Modern technique of pairing muted neutrals with a saturated signature color.”

Postmodern (1978 – today)

Image credits: HomeAdvisor

“Postmodern design can trace its artistic influences from epoch-defining surrealist, Marcel Duchamp, to Pop Art’s crown jester, Andy Warhol, to the ambiguous Bad Taste of Jeff Koons. It all came together in the 1980s when designers threw off the shackles of Modernism and approached interiors with a sense of humor and the brash confidence we associate with the decade.

In a Postmodern living room, every piece is a talking piece – because each one has a double-meaning or visual joke to unpack. The arches in our image question classical ideals of form, both flattening and unflattening a traditionally austere shape with an optical illusion conjured by their irreverent color palette. The rug’s meaning is simpler. It adds a rock n’ roll feel with its vinyl record shape – a Warhol-like ironic celebration of late 20th-century materialism.”

Contemporary (1980s – today)

Image credits: HomeAdvisor

“A cluttered age calls for a pared-back living room. Today’s contemporary style borrows the clean lines of Modernism and the airy, outdoors feel of the Mid-Century Modern home. Interior designers in the late 2010s love to give a nod to Bauhaus by peeling away surfaces to show the materials at work. However, today’s cutting-edge building materials and textiles can sit happily alongside repurposed industrial features from past eras.

The smooth, bare floor and uncluttered walls of our contemporary living room create a typical sense of space and light. Abstract art on the walls prevents the area from feeling empty and draws out the subtle style of the otherwise minimalist surroundings. Observe, too, the use of line to draw your eye around, such as the horizontal central light, which is both extraordinary and very simple – and seems to widen and heighten the room.”

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Aušrys Uptas

One day this guy just kind of figured “I spend most of my time on the internet anyway, why not turn it into a profession?” – and he did! Now he not only gets to browse the latest cat videos and fresh memes every day but also shares them with people all over the world, making sure they stay up to date with everything that’s trending around the web. Something that always peeks his interests is old technology, literature and all sorts of odd vintage goodness so if you find something that’s too bizarre not to share, make sure to hit him up!

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New in Europe: 10 Recent Projects in Milan, Madrid, Stockholm, and More

From Milan to Stockholm, a variety of new projects reflect the modern/traditional mix of contemporary European design. These hotels, homes, apartments, restaurants, showrooms, shops, and galleries capture the distinct personality of the brands and clients for which they were designed.

1. Galleria Rossana Orlandi in Milan Opens Glamorous Aimo e Nadia BistRo

Galleria Rossana Orlandi is a mandatory Milan stop for design aficionados. The three-story emporium encourages visitors to linger: They can wander through its labyrinthine rooms, sit in the greenery-filled courtyard, and even have dinner at Aimo e Nadia BistRo, Orlandi’s restaurant located next door. Read more about the gallery/restaurant

Read more: New in the Middle East: 9 Recent Design Projects

2. Matteo Foresti Modernizes a Narrow Stockholm Building Into a Light-Filled Café

Matteo Foresti’s eponymous design firm had only just opened when a commission came in: the chance to transform a student pub in a circa-1915 building, located in the center of his new home of Stockholm, into a fast-casual spot called Kale & Crave. The opportunity was big, but so was the challenge of organizing a 50-seat restaurant across four narrow floors totaling just 2,200 square feet. Read more about the café

3. Tom Dixon Opens Restaurant/Showroom The Manzoni in Milan

Rather than just another five-day exhibition at Salone de Mobile, this year designer Tom Dixon decided to make his mark on Milan a little more permanent. His Design Research Studio created The Manzoni, a restaurant that doubles as a showroom. Incorporating Dixon’s three new collections, The Manzoni—named for its location at 5 Via Manzoni—elevates the products from simply being on display to functioning in an active environment. Read more about The Manzoni

4. Zooco Studio Masterminds a Witty Madrid Flagship for La Oca Selezione

La Oca Selezione has long been the place—or, with over 20 store locations, the places—for design-savvy Spaniards seeking modern furniture. For its new flagship on Madrid’s trendy Calle de Castelló, the company turned to local firm Zooco Estudio to transform a blandly anonymous space into a witty take on retail design. Read more about the flagship

5. Stone Designs Gives Mid-Century Mod a Contemporary Twist in Teads’ Madrid Office

Global media platform Teads might be a truly 21st-century enterprise, masterminding online ads that reach more than one billion eyes each month, but its new Madrid office is more Mad Men than Blade Runner. Which is not to say the 5,200-square-foot space is a museum piece. Instead, local firm Stone Designsbreathed new life into the 1950s-era building. Read more about the office

6. Auer Weber and Christophe Gulizzi Architecte Create Dynamic Exterior for Arena du Pays d’Aix

The Arena du Pays d’Aix in southern France is a response to the sport-as-spectacle movement. Designed by Auer Weber and Christophe Gulizzi Architecte, the exterior of the 250,000-square-foot elliptical building is as engaging as the activities happening within—mostly handball but also basketball and hockey games, boxing matches, concerts, and other entertainment. Watch a video walkthrough of the stadium

7. NOA Gives Arches a Modern Twist at Gloriette Guesthouse in Italy

The arcaded belvedere, along with its local descendants and the villas they serve, many in the art nouveau style, informed the design of Gloriette Guesthouse, a new 25-room boutique hotel by NOA* Network of Architecture that reinterprets Soprabolzano’s leisured past for the 21st century. Read more about the hotel

8. Natural Light and Neutral Finishes Define a Studio DiDeA-Designed Apartment in Palermo

A couple in Palermo had been looking around for a new house; instead, while looking through a magazine, they found local Studio DiDeA and together embarked on a refreshing of their 1,500 square-foot apartment. Windows on both sides of the home let in not only cooling breezes from the Tyrrhenian Sea and the nearby Parco della Favorita, says architect and cofounder Emanuela di Gaetano, but also ample light. Read more about the apartment

9. Dimore Studio Fashions a Unique Look for Luxury Italian Womenswear Emporium One-Off

Over the past decade, Dimore Studio has become one of the design world’s buzziest practices. Their interiors often bring together unusual color combinations, a wistful nostalgia, and striking originality. Unveiled last month, Dimore Studio’s latest project is One-Off, a 6,500-square-foot luxury womenswear boutique in Brescia, about an hour east of Milan. Read more about the boutique

10. Andreas Fuhrimann Gabrielle Hächler Architekten Brings Latin American Modernism to Swiss Villa

Architects Andreas Fuhrimann and Gabrielle Hächler have amassed quite an artsy clientele since founding their eponymous firm in 1995. Their residential work is notable for the fluid transitions between spaces as well as the clarity, simplicity, and rich tactility of the materials palette. Those specialties are leveraged in another multistage project they recently completed: transforming a midcentury-era villa into a combination residence, studio, and exhibition space for an art-world couple. Read more about the residence

Read more: New in China: 10 Innovative Design Projects

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