Would you want your model homes to be outfitted via a computer? It may be the future of interior design.
Engineers at software company Autodesk recently created a piece of furniture via artificial intelligence (AI) using sophisticated algorithims and CAD-based engineering software. The midcentury modern-inspired Elbo chair is one of the first home furnishings examples of generative design, where computers speed up the iterative process of testing different design prototypes, according to this article.
Going beyond furniture, makers of an interior design planning tool say that residential design will be the next field to take humans out of the design equation. Planner 5D will soon incorporate AI into its systems in order to help users create home design with a click of a button. The company is currently creating machine learning algorithms that will train on over 40 million real user projects. These projects offer an opportunity for AI to figure out the thinking process behind home design: how do people choose the place for their bed, lights, and so on. This thinking process will be learned by AI and optimized.
The system is learning about general interior design rules, technical requirements, and how to match colors and styles. For example, AI is learning that a TV cannot be placed in front of a window as it will reflect light, that a bed should stand sideways to a window and that a couch should be placed in front of a TV or a fireplace in the living room. Technical requirements include average square footage per person, lighting, the width of doors and the height of ceilings.
After a user indicates their preferred style, the number of people in their household and the location of their house, AI will come up with optimal home design results. The algorithm also will crawl through the user’s projects looking for patterns. For example, some people tend to lean towards lighter wall colors and Italian-style furniture. When a person chooses their wall color, the system will suggest furniture that they might like – and everything will be shown in real-life virtual reality technology.
“Currently, only professional designers know design rules and techniques. Our vision is to empower everyone to become interior designers with an app that combines AI with virtual reality,” says Alexey Sheremetyev, co-founder of Planner 5D.
The AI system will predict users’ wishes before they even think through a solution, he says, and designs will be easily accessed and shown through virtual reality goggles or on one of the in-app 3D projections.
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